Write a Blog >>
ICSE 2020
Wed 24 June - Thu 16 July 2020
Fri 10 Jul 2020 16:33 - 16:41 at Goguryeo - A23-Requirements Chair(s): Dalal Alrajeh

Context: Requirements Engineering (RE) has established itself as a software engineering discipline over the past decades. While researchers have been investigating the RE discipline with a plethora of empirical studies, attempts to systematically derive an empirical theory in context of the RE discipline have just recently been started. However, such a theory is needed if we are to define and motivate guidance in performing high quality RE research and practice. Objective: We aim at providing an empirical and externally valid foundation for a theory of RE practice, which helps software engineers establish effective and efficient RE processes in a problem-driven manner. Method: We designed a survey instrument and an engineer-focused theory that was first piloted in Germany and, after making substantial modifications, has now been replicated in 10 countries world-wide. We have a theory in the form of a set of propositions inferred from our experiences and available studies, as well as the results from our pilot study in Germany. We evaluate the propositions with bootstrapped confidence intervals and derive potential explanations for the propositions. Results: In this article, we report on the design of the family of surveys, its underlying theory, and the full results obtained from the replication studies conducted in 10 countries with participants from 228 organisations. Our results represent a substantial step forward towards developing an empirical theory of RE practice. The results reveal, for example, that there are no strong differences between organisations in different countries and regions, that interviews, facilitated meetings and prototyping are the most used elicitation techniques, that requirements are often documented textually, that traces between requirements and code or design documents are common, that requirements specifications themselves are rarely changed and that requirements engineering (process) improvement endeavours are mostly internally driven. Conclusion: Our study establishes a theory that can be used as starting point for many further studies for more detailed investigations. Practitioners can use the results as theory-supported guidance on selecting suitable RE methods and techniques.

Fri 10 Jul
Times are displayed in time zone: (UTC) Coordinated Universal Time change

16:05 - 17:05
A23-RequirementsJournal First / Technical Papers / New Ideas and Emerging Results at Goguryeo
Chair(s): Dalal AlrajehImperial College London
16:05
12m
Talk
Caspar: Extracting and Synthesizing User Stories of Problems from App ReviewsTechnical
Technical Papers
Hui GuoNorth Carolina State University, Munindar P. SinghNorth Carolina State University
16:17
8m
Talk
Dealing with Non-Functional Requirements in Model-Driven Development: A SurveyJ1
Journal First
David AmellerUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Xavier FranchUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Cristina GómezUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Silverio Martínez-FernándezUPC-BarcelonaTech, João AraújoUniversidade Nova de Lisboa, Stefan BifflVienna University of Technology, Jordi CabotICREA - UOC, Vittorio CortellesaUniversity of L’Aquila, Daniel MendezTechnische Universität München, Ana MoreiraFCT / Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Henry MucciniUniversity of L'Aquila, Italy, Antonio VallecilloUniversity of Málaga, Spain, Manuel WimmerJohannes Kepler University Linz, Vasco AmaralUniversidade Nova de Lisboa, Wolfang BöhmTechnische Universität München, Hugo BrunelièreInria, Mines Nantes & LINA, Loli BurgueñoUniversidad de Malaga, Miguel GoulaoNOVA-LINCS, FCT/UNL, Sabine TeuflFortiss GmbH, Luca BerardinelliJohannes Kepler University Linz
16:25
8m
Talk
Locating Latent Design Information in Developer Discussions: A Study on Pull RequestsJ1
Journal First
Giovanni VivianiUniversity of British Columbia, Michalis FamelisUniversité de Montréal, Xin XiaMonash University, Calahan Janik-JonesUniversity of Toronto, Gail MurphyUniversity of British Columbia
16:33
8m
Talk
Status Quo in Requirements Engineering: A Theory and a Global Family of SurveysJ1
Journal First
Stefan WagnerUniversity of Stuttgart
Link to publication DOI Pre-print
16:41
8m
Talk
Corba: Crowdsourcing to Obtain Requirements from Regulations and BreachesJ1
Journal First
Hui GuoNorth Carolina State University, Ozgur KafaliUniversity of Kent, Anne-Liz JeukengUniversity of Florida, Laurie WilliamsNorth Carolina State University, Munindar P. SinghNorth Carolina State University
16:49
6m
Talk
With Registered Reports Towards Large Scale Data CurationNIER
New Ideas and Emerging Results
Steffen HerboldUniversity of Göttingen
Pre-print