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ICSE 2020
Wed 24 June - Thu 16 July 2020
Sat 11 Jul 2020 00:12 - 00:24 at Goguryeo - P26-Deep Learning Testing and Debugging Chair(s): Tim Menzies

In recent years, machine translation software has increasingly been integrated into our daily lives. People routinely use machine translation for various applications, such as describing symptoms to a foreign doctor and reading political news in a foreign language. However, due to the complexity and intractability of neural machine translation (NMT) models that power modern machine translation systems, these systems are far from being robust. They can return inferior results that lead to misunderstanding, medical misdiagnoses, threats to personal safety, or political conflicts. Despite its apparent importance, validating the robustness of machine translation is very difficult and has, therefore, been much under-explored.

To tackle this challenge, we introduce \textit{structure-invariant testing (SIT)}, a novel metamorphic testing approach for validating machine translation software. Our key insight is that the translation results of “similar” source sentences should typically exhibit a similar sentence structure. Specifically, SIT (1) generates similar source sentences by substituting one word in a given sentence with semantically similar, syntactically equivalent words, and (2) represents sentence structure by syntax parse trees (obtained via constituency or dependency parsing). To evaluate SIT, we have used it to test Google Translate and Bing Microsoft Translator with 200 source sentences as input, which led to 64 and 70 buggy translations with 69.5% and 70% top-1 accuracy, respectively. The bugs are diverse, including under-translation, over-translation, incorrect modification, word/phrase mistranslation, and unclear logic, none of which could be detected via existing translation quality metrics.

Sat 11 Jul
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00:00 - 01:00: Paper Presentations - P26-Deep Learning Testing and Debugging at Goguryeo
Chair(s): Tim MenziesNorth Carolina State University
icse-2020-papers00:00 - 00:12
Brandon PaulsenUniversity of Southern California, Jingbo WangUniversity of Southern California, Chao WangUSC
icse-2020-papers00:12 - 00:24
Pinjia HeETH Zurich, Clara MeisterETH Zurich, Zhendong SuETH Zurich, Switzerland
icse-2020-papers00:24 - 00:36
Zeyu SunPeking University, Jie M. ZhangUniversity College London, UK, Mark HarmanFacebook and University College London, Mike PapadakisUniversity of Luxembourg, Lu ZhangPeking University, China
icse-2020-papers00:36 - 00:48
Yuchi TianColumbia University, Ziyuan ZhongColumbia University, Vicente OrdonezUniversity of Virginia, Gail KaiserColumbia University, Baishakhi RayColumbia University, New York
icse-2020-papers00:48 - 01:00
Md Johirul IslamIowa State University, Rangeet PanIowa State University, USA, Giang NguyenDept. of Computer Science, Iowa State University, Hridesh RajanIowa State University, USA