Empirical comparison of text-based mobile apps similarity measurement techniques
Context Code-free software similarity detection techniques have been used to support different software engineering tasks, including clustering mobile applications (apps). The way of measuring similarity may affect both the efficiency and quality of clustering solutions. However, there has been no previous comparative study of feature extraction methods used to guide mobile app clustering.
Objective In this paper, we investigate different techniques to compute the similarity of apps based on their textual descriptions and evaluate their effectiveness using hierarchical agglomerative clustering.
Method To this end we carry out an empirical study comparing five different techniques, based on topic modelling and keyword feature extraction, to cluster 12,664 apps randomly sampled from the Google Play App Store. The comparison is based on three main criteria: silhouette width measure, human judgement and execution time.
Results The results of our study show that using topic modelling, in addition to collocation-based and dependency-based feature extractors perform similarly in detecting app-feature similarity. However, dependency-based feature extraction performs better than any other in finding application domain similarity (ρ = 0.7, p − value < 0.01).
Conclusions Current categorisation in the app store studied does not exhibit a good classification quality in terms of the claimed feature space. However, a better quality can be achieved using a good feature extraction technique and a traditional clustering method.
|Full paper (Al-Subaihin2019_Article_EmpiricalComparisonOfText-base.pdf)